Up until this point in your golf swing, nothing has moved. Once you begin your back swing, all of that changes, and depending on your technique, the results can vary greatly.
Assuming that you have your knees bent, have placed the ball properly and have the correct stance, the next important step is to make sure you take the club straight back and hinge your wrists. Try not to pull the club away with your hands, but rather push the club away with the turning of your chest. It will maintain the arms/body symmetry and increase your chances of a solid hit. Most golfers don’t realize that a quality takeaway is so important because it often determines what happens throughout the rest of your swing.
A common mistake that is made is only take you club back far enough that it essentially points to the sky. You want to take the club back further so that the head of the club is pointing directly at where you are trying to hit the ball. If you are unable to take your backswing back that far, take it as far back as possible without altering your swing.
As you take the club back, you should shift your weight, and begin to coil or load the golf club. The purpose of the back swing is to prepare the club so that it makes solid contact with the ball and that it does so with velocity. Try not to let you hips move too much. The key to setting up a powerful swing is moving your shoulders, not your hips, to create a spring-like effect. The tension will give your golf swing a lot of power.
Another tip is to make sure your belt buckle is inside your right toe. If it is too far to the right, then you are moving your hips too much. It should not cross the imaginary line extending out from the front of your right foot.
You want to try and get a wide arc on your back swing and keep the distance between your hands and the head of the club the same throughout your golf swing. If you begin bending your arms too early, you’ll need to make a mid-swing correction, which usually spells trouble for your shot. Keep the distance constant by keeping both of your arms straight during the early part of your backswing.
Your right arm will need to bend at the elbow as the club and your hands reach about the height of your waist. As your hands get to waist level, turn your upper body and shoulders at the same time, and continue this turning motion until your club reaches the top of your backswing. Coiling your upper body in this fashion generates power for your downswing. Many players, especially older golfers, have difficulty turning their hips during their backswing.
If you find yourself hitting a lot of poor shots, one of the first things to check is your backswing. Oftentimes, the problem begins as you begin to pull the club away from the ball.